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To determine program types and classifications, please refer to our Program Definitions document.


Research Abstracts

Effective Use of the Large Body of Research on the Effectiveness of Programs for Juvenile Offenders and the Failure of the Model Programs Approach (Lipsey, 2018)

The conventional conception is that an evidence-based program is a brand-name manualized program model supported by research demonstrating favorable effects on an outcome of interest. These are typically identified by one or another more or less authoritative or-ganization that has reviewed the pertinent research and reported its rating of the program in its registry of evidence-based programs. Familiar registries of this sort in juvenile justice include the Blueprints for Violence Prevention (now expanded as Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)Model Programs Guide, and Examples of familiar programs targeting recidivism outcomes for juvenile offenders that appear in these registries include Multi-systemic Therapy (MST), Functional Family Therapy (FFT), and Aggression Replacement Training (ART). Although it does not always receive much emphasis in the respective registry presentations, it is understood that model evidence-based programs must be implemented with fidelity to the program specifications before the effects demonstrated in the supporting research can be expected to be produced in practice. PDF

The search for the holy grail: Criminogenic needs matching, intervention dosage, and subsequent recidivism among serious juvenile offenders in residential placement (Baglivio, et al 2018)

The Risk-Need-Responsivity paradigm promotes matching of services to individualized criminogenic needs. This framework has become common lexicon, yet empirical evaluation of individual-level service matching, while including actual dosage received, is surprisingly sparse. We examine the efficacy of matching criminogenic needs to interventions within juvenile justice residential programs while accounting for the dosages of services received (contact hours and number of weeks). PDF

Juvenile Justice System Improvement: Implementing an Evidence-Based Decision Making Platform

Over the past three decades, the juvenile justice system in the United States has benefited from the tremendous growth in knowledge about effective policy and practice. Since the mid-1990s, we have seen the development of the components of an evidence-based decision-making platform, consisting of validated risk and needs assessment tools, structured decision-making tools to assist in the better matching of the needs of youth involved in the juvenile justice system with the correct level of supervision and types of services, and evidence-based programs and services. Today, that knowledge is readily available to policy makers and practitioners, with the challenge being to support jurisdictions in incorporating the components holistically into the operation of their juvenile justice systems. This report draws on the experiences of jurisdictions that have worked to integrate these tools and practices into a platform for juvenile justice decision-making through two demonstration programs--the Juvenile Justice Systems Improvement Project (JJSIP) and the Juvenile Justice Reform and Reinvestment Initiative (JJRRI). These jurisdictions have made significant progress in bringing the tenets of JJSIP and JJRRI to life in their communities and juvenile justice systems. It is our hope that the implementation experiences this report captures will help others to follow in their footsteps. It is our belief that the core tenets of JJSIP and JJRRI are at the heart of what juvenile justice systems across the country will look like in the future – and that the youth and families they serve will be better off as a result. PDF


Training videos

Adding Cases to Existing Clients

This video discusses how to add a case to an existing client in JCMS when the youth is in more than one program or returns to a program after being discharged.

Avoiding Duplicate Youth

This video shows steps to take to avoid duplicate youth being created in the system, and also how the system will notify you - the message that comes up - if you try to enter a duplicate youth.

Certifying Data for County/Tribe Leads

This video goes over the steps for county/tribe leads to certify the aggregate referral and discharge data for all programs funded under their county/tribe CBA grant.

Certifying Narratives for County/Tribe Leads

This video goes over the steps for county/tribe leads to certify the narratives for all programs funded under their county/tribe CBA grant.

Creating Narratives

This video details the process for creating, saving, and submitting a narrative for quarterly reporting in the JCMS.

Data Entry in JCMS - Intake Fields

This video will discuss data entry in JCMS as it pertains to the common fields across program types (address, school name, etc), including what a field turning red means, how to know that your data is saving if there is no save or submit button, and other frequently asked questions about JCMS data entry.  This video is not program specific, meaning the information can be applied to all program types.

Deleting Cases in the JCMS

This video goes over the steps to delete incorrectly entered case types from youth profiles in the JCMS, and the steps to delete a youth profile in the JCMS.   Profiles should only be deleted if they are a duplicate youth in the system or were entered in error.  Case types should only be deleted if they were incorrectly selected from the menu (you intended to select a different program type from the menu).  If you are not sure if a case or profile should be deleted from the JCMS, please contact JJI. For information on deleting diversion cases, please see the video on the diversion page.

Discharging Youth in JCMS

This video reviews the steps to discharge a youth in the JCMS and explains the importance of providing the discharge date and reason.

Entering New Clients

This video reviews the steps needed to create and enter a new youth in the JCMS.

Pivot Tables in Excel from Reports

This video reviews the steps to use downloaded reports from JCMS to create pivot tables in order to help manage data.

Running Reports

This video reviews the steps to run Currently Open, Currently Closed, and Case Summary by Date reports in JCMS and how to download them to Excel spreadsheets.

Sorting Reports in Excel

This video reviews the steps to use Excel spreadsheets to review reports downloaded from JCMS.

Uploading Files

This video reviews the steps to upload a quarterly reporting spreadsheet into JCMS for System Improvement, Mediation & Restorative Justice, and Incentive Programs.